Faculty of Ayurveda Institute of Medical Sciences Banaras Hindu University,

symptoms of COVID-19 infection

The signs and symptoms of COVID-19 infection varies from asymptomatic to symptomatic, depending upon immune power of a person and other associated co-morbid clinical conditions. It is categorized into given clinical forms ranging from mild forms to complications.
Mild Clinical presentation: This form includes the incubation period. In this stage majority of the patients exhibit Flue like symptoms such as
Dry cough
Running nose or stuffy nose
Sore throat

Body ache
Signs and symptoms of COVID-19 may appear between 2 to 14 days after its exposure. Moderate clinical presentation: The common signs and symptoms of COVID-19 infection is categorized into-
Difficulty in breathing Other symptoms may include:
Sore throat
Loss of sense of smell
Loss of taste sensation
Severe vomiting
Severe clinical presentation: People who are older or who have pre-existing co morbid clinical conditions, such as heart disease, lung disease, diabetes, severe obesity, chronic kidney or liver disease, or who have compromised immune systems may be at higher risk of serious illness. This is similar to what is seen with other respiratory illnesses, such as influenza. Along with cough and fever, following signs and symptoms seeks special attention and medical care and therapeutic intervention with immediate effect.
Breathing difficulty
Persistent chest pain
State of confusion
Blue lips or face
Petechial hemorrhage and blister formation

Severe clinical presentation associated with Complications: Majority of patients with COVID- 19 have mild to moderate symptoms. In some patients it may lead to sever forms and lead to death. Older adults or people with existing co-morbid conditions are at greater risk of becoming seriously ill with this disease. Following complications may be incorporated in COVID-19:
Bilateral Pneumonia
Respiratory failure
Cardiac problems- Arrhythmia, MI, cardiomyopathy, Cardiac failure etc.
Acute kidney injury
Chances of other viral and bacterial infections
Multi organ failure leading to death

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